New Theory Perfectly Explains How Black Holes Form

May 26, 2016

Black holes have been a mystery in the realm of cosmic discovery for some time now, and no one knows much about how they function, or even how they were formed. The biggest theory around the creation of massive black holes was that they were formed through the combination of smaller black holes, but holes start appearing in this when the timeline is examined. The supermassive black holes in existence today should not exist if they were accumulations of smaller black holes as not enough time has elapsed to allow this. A new theory suggests that massive black holes were formed directly from huge clouds of gas, rather than other black holes, which does explain the timeline.

black hole forms[Image Source: Wikimedia]

The known expansion rate of observable black holes is too slow to account for a black hole merger, which is why direct formation from gas clouds make sense. These gas clouds could become the seeds for the black holes, which would then collapse in on themselves and eventually expand to the massive black holes we see today, according to Gizmodo.

All of the research was published in a scientific journal here, and the research team behind this theory was able to find 2 instances of what appeared to be black hole seeds in the observable universe. Using the Hubble, Chandra, and Spitzer telescopes, the team from Italy’s National Institute for Astrophysics searched around for large gas clouds to confirm their hypothesis. Their finding and validation of these clouds will likely lead to a greater understanding of one of the most mysterious phenomenon in the universe.

how a black hole created[Image Source: Wikimedia]

Most scientists are still uncertain about the team’s discovery, as confirming not only the existence of a large gas cloud but also that said gas cloud will eventually seed a black hole, is close to impossible. When it comes to astrophysics, much of new theory and discovery is based on the best-fit answer, and the Italian research team believes that this is the most plausible formation technique to account for supermassive black holes.

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