You need to impress your tutors, right? It’s the only way you’ll get the marks—and hopefully a recommendation—to benefit your career.
And these days engineering students have to show off knowledge of design, control and maintenance of electrical equipment to stay ahead of their peers.
That’s why the final year electrical project an engineering student picks, is so important. Luckily, your options are vast. These days it can be about power generation or even robotics.
Where does your interest lie?
1. Show Your Skill with GSM
Why not use a relevant feature of today’s society, such as GSM?
GSM (Global System for Mobile Communication) is well known in terms of phones. But why not use it to help people monitor and control substations?
In such a project you’ll show how aspects of a substation can be monitored remotely. If necessary, action can be taken. How valuable would it be if these features don’t have to be measured manually?
Data regarding these features can be captured and sent via GSM. A controller can view the data and determine if adjustments are necessary for safety or functionality purposes. Via GSM, circuit breakers and relays can be controlled.
Is this something you can build?
2. Keep Forest Safe from Fire
Yes, your skills can benefit the environment too. This project is a simple—and necessary—system that needs expertise to ensure accuracy.
Smoke and fire detectors—that can be placed in forests—can be linked with an electronic alert system via Zigbee communication. When a fire occurs, the authorities—such as the fire department—are automatically informed so they can take quick action.
If done right, no human actions are necessary. A Zigbee-transceiver-based computer can even put fire protecting equipment into action, from a remote location.
If you love the environment, you’ll love projects like these.
3. Let’s Automate Homes
Alternatively, you may want to make life easier for people in their homes.
Through a wireless Bluetooth connection and an interactive Android app you can allow people to control their appliances remotely. Can you get the following right:
-Create a user-friendly app
-Create a microcontroller to be placed on appliances
-Allow smartphones to pair with these receivers placed on appliances, while ensuring high connectivity for optimum results
It’s one way of bringing futuristic ideas into our homes. Will you be the one who makes it possible?
4. Get the Most Out of Solar Power
We’re all used to solar power, but it hasn’t been perfected yet. Currently societies lose money by installing large quantities of panels. But output is limited because the sun moves during the day. What if we could optimize power output, even with fewer panels?
When you design an MPPT (Maximum Power Point Tracking) system that determines the maximum power generating point, you help people optimize their systems.
You’ll use algorithms with quadratic equation-based calculations and software to control a DC converter that manages the output voltage. Your focus is to minimize photovoltaic system costs. Can you help society save money?
5. Control the Traffic
Can you help minimize traffic congestion with a traffic control system? You’ll use PLC (Programmable Logic Controllers) and SCADA HMI.
If you get this project right you’ll enable the system to:
-Collect traffic data about various busy areas and intersections
-Analyze the data
-Synchronize traffic flow by remotely controlling traffic lights
One more example of how electrical engineering projects can solve ordinary problems of society, such as saving people time on the road. Don’t you want to be the hero?
6. Benefit Industries’ Power Usage and Costs
Create a unit that limits penalty bearing for industries.
You can manage capacitors according to values of the power factor. This factor is determined by a ZVS (Zero Voltage Switching) and ZCS (Zero Current Switching). Even if the power factor becomes low, no bearing penalty will apply, because you connect capacitors in the system, to be used when necessary. The need for this is huge in the industrial market.
7. Manage Speed
If you want a mechanical load to run at a specific speed, it shouldn’t be a guessing game. You can improve accuracy with a closed loop system for a brushless DC motor. Because of the closed system, the real speed can be monitored. If necessary adjustments can be made via PWM signals.
The right approach is to include a keypad to allow the user to enter a desired speed. Are you up for the challenge?
8. Ultimate Home Luxury
Electrical engineers can solve problems, but also improve on current innovations. Homes and offices are already luxurious with email, internet & many home appliances. But energy saving is always an important aspect to enhance.
Design a system that switches on lights when someone enters a room, and off when they leave. Of course, your system must monitor the number of people entering and exiting. Light shouldn’t go off while some people are still left in the room.
It’s done through:
-IR LED sensors
Now no one will forget to switch off lights, so your skills can prevent energy wastage.
9. Arduino Controlled Homes
How about turning your Arduino development board into the ultimate home control unit? And it can all be done via a user’s phone.
Once again you need to create a user friendly interface and application. This app communicates via Bluetooth with various home features such as:
-Air conditioning system
The important part is that the Arduino board must manage the commands from the user. It will control loads sent to appliances by using Opto-isolators cum TRAIC arrangements.
You can design it as your final year project and one day enjoy using it in your own home. Remember to include privacy settings on all applications, to protect users.
10. Ensure Soft Starts for Better Outcomes
A 3 phase induction motor can easily become costly when the start up procedure doesn’t’ run smooth. Can you think of a way to minimize this problem?
When the starting current is lower, your start up will automatically be smoother and therefore less expensive. And it’s possible. All you need:
-Silicon controlled rectifiers
-Three phase induction motor
Design the system so that the thyristors will receive triggering signals from the control unit whenever the motor starts.
We hope these projects help you realize what’s possible when you apply your electrical engineering skills. It’s about solving societal and everyday problems with your life’s work. And engineering students have the knowledge and expertise to get it right. Which of these options will you pick to show off your skills?