The world's oceans are packed with many creatures that could potentially take the title as the "deadliest". But, like many things in life, there is nuance.
For example, any of the ocean's unknown or great apex predators from sharks to killer whales could be considered for the title. But for human beings, there are some less obvious candidates.
In the following article, we have gathered some of the world's deadliest animals. Our criteria are quite broad and include voracious predators and highly toxic prey - we have not focused on their ability to kill humans, for example.
This list is far from exhaustive and is not intended to be a "top ten" list of the deadliest.
What is the strongest creature in the ocean?
The answer to this question depends on what is meant by strong. This is a rather nebulous term and can be applied to different creatures in different circumstances.
- The Saltwater Crocodile has the strongest bite force of any animal in the sea.
- Bull Sharks are noted for having the strongest bite of all sharks.
- The Blue Whale is one of the largest, and "strongest" vertebrate animals of all time.
That being said, you can find many lists of "strongest" creatures in the oceans on the net.
What is the deadliest animal ever?
Much like the previous question, identifying the deadliest animal ever is relative, to a point. If we are referring simply to human beings, then the deadliest animal ever can include domesticated animals like cows and bees in the Americas, hippopotami in Africa, and, believe it or not, kangaroos in Australia.
That is also, not forgetting pathogens carried by vector animals like mosquitoes, fleas, etc.
But, most experts would agree that human beings are probably one of, if not, the most dangerous creature of all time. We'll let you decide.
What is the most dangerous thing in the sea?
It can be argued that any one of the ocean's apex predators, from the Great White Shark to the Great Barracuda, are the most dangerous things in the sea, from their prey's point of view.
For humans, some of the most dangerous animals include sharks and other venomous creatures from fish to jellyfish and certain species of octopi. But, it is more than likely that the sea itself has killed more humans by drowning than any of the creatures that dwell there.
But with regards to the death toll of things in the sea, human beings probably rank very high on such a list.
1. The "Box Jellyfish" is one of the ocean's most deadly creatures
Whilst they look innocent enough, "Box Jellyfish" happens to be one of the ocean's deadliest animals. The most dangerous members of this class of jellyfish are usually confined to the Indo-Pacific Ocean, but other less dangerous members can be found throughout the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans.
Stings from these little Cnidarians are extremely painful to humans and can be fatal if left untreated. Even less venomous species can still be potentially fatal to children.
Each of their tentacles is packed with harpoon-shaped microscopic injectors specifically adapted to inject venom into their prey on contact. "Box Jellyfish" venom causes their prey's cells to become porous, causing Potassium leakage that eventually causes hyperkalemia.
This can lead to heart failure, and death can ensue as quickly as 2 to 5 minutes after exposure.
2. Stonefish have highly venomous fins
Most commonly found in the coastal regions of the Indo-Pacific, Stonefish (genus of the family Synanceia) are another of the world's most dangerous oceanic creatures. Most members of this genus of fish are highly venomous and potentially dangerous to humans.
So much so that, exposure to their venom can be fatal if left untreated. For this reason, Stonefish are one of the most venomous fish known anywhere in the world.
Their highly potent venom, a neurotoxin, is secreted from glands at the base of their needle-like dorsal fins. Developed primarily for defense, these fins are erected whenever the fish feels threatened or is disturbed.
Most human-Stonefish incidents occur when swimmers accidentally step on them, receiving a decent dose of neurotoxin in response. Recent studies have also shown that Stonefish have another specialized spine called the lachrymal saber that they use as an additional defense mechanism.
3. Eating "Pufferfish" can kill you
Pufferfish are a member of the family of fish called Tetraodontidae. This family's name comes from the fact that member species have four large, teeth that are fused onto the upper and lower plates of their mouth.
They use these to crush the shells of crustaceans and mollusks. Pufferfish themselves also have characteristic thin, hidden spines that only become visible when the fish has fully "puffed" up.
Most Pufferfish species tend to be highly toxic too, and are amongst some of the most poisonous vertebrates in the world. Internal organs, like the liver, and often their skin, contains a highly toxic chemical called Tetrodotoxin.
Consuming these organs can be very dangerous, and potentially fatal to many animals and including human beings. Nonetheless, some of its meat is considered a delicacy in Japan, Korea, and China.
4. Tiger Sharks are one of the most dangerous things in the world
Tiger Sharks, a species of the gloriously named Requiem sharks, are one of the most feared oceanic predators in the world. They can grow to reach over 5 meters in length and are one of the ocean's top predators.
These apex predators tend to roam widely in tropical and temperate waters, especially the Pacific, and its name comes from the dark stripes that run down its body. Tiger Sharks tend to be solitary hunters that usually search for their prey at night.
They are not particularly fussy about what they eat with their diet, including anything from crustaceans to dolphins and sea turtles. This shark is also known for consuming anything they run into, like discarded human waste, earning them a reputation as a "garbage eater".
For human beings, Tiger Sharks are second only to the Great White Shark for recorded fatal human attacks. But it should be noted that of the 111 Tiger shark attacks recorded, only 31 were fatal.
5. The Great Barracuda is a voracious predator
The Great Barracuda (Sphyraena barracuda), is one of the ocean's most dangerous predators. Also known as the "giant barracuda", this large, predatory ray-finned fish tends to roam the water of subtropical oceans around the world.
Adults range in size from between 60 to 100 centimeters in length, but some exceptional examples have grown in excess of 1.5 meters. Great Barracuda are voracious predators and hunt using lie-and-wait ambush tactics to grab their prey.
Whilst they tend not to be dangerous to human beings, they have been reported for biting human swimmers, but these interactions are rare and never fatal.
That being said, most marine biologists advise that you should avoid hand feeding them.
6. A single Blue-Ringed Octopus could kill 26 human beings
The Blue-Ringed Octopus is the name given to four highly venomous species of octopi commonly found in coral reefs in the Pacific and Indian Oceans. They are characterized by their yellowish skin and blue and black rings that change color dramatically when the animal is threatened.
These beautiful octopi are widely recognized as one of the world's most venomous marine animals. Whilst only small in size, between 12-20 cm, they are dangerous to humans if provoked and especially when handled.
This is because these octopi, when provoked, will bite injecting a very powerful venom similar to that of "Pufferfish". These bites are often painless and most victims don't notice until symptoms like breathing problems and paralysis set in.
It is estimated that a single octopus carries enough venom to provide a lethal dose to 26 adults within minutes.
7. Portuguese Man o' War can kill people
The Portuguese Man o' War, also simply known as the man-of-war, is one of the ocean's most deadliest creatures. A member of the genus Physalia, this hydrozoan can be found in the Atlantic, Indian and Pacific Oceans.
Whilst sometimes referred to as a type of jellyfish, a man-of-war is actually a siphonophore which differs from the jellyfish by being a colonial organism rather than a multicellular animal.
Its long tentacles are capable of delivering a painful sting that contains a strong venom that kills fish, and sometimes humans beings, within minutes. It is estimated that around 10,000 human beings are stung by Portuguese Man o' War each year.
Stings from their tentacles cause severe pain in humans and often leave whip-like, red welts at the site of contact. In rare cases, the venom can travel to the lymph nodes and may cause symptoms that mimic an allergic reaction including swelling of the larynx, airway blockage, cardiac distress, and an inability to breathe.