A horrific cable car accident in northern Italy has left fourteen people dead after the vehicle fell on a mountain near Lake Maggiore, Reuters reported on Sunday.
The cable car was carrying passengers from Stresa, a resort town in Piedmont, up the nearby Mottarone range. Then, it started to slip backward just before reaching the end station at a nearly 5,000-foot (1,524-m) peak and dropped hundreds of meters at about 40 feet high (12 m) before colliding with a pillar and plummeting to the bottom.
The witnesses reported hearing a "loud hiss" when the lead cable broke. The cabin had flipped over two or three times before smashing into trees, and some of the bodies were thrown from the vehicle and were discovered amid the trees, according to rescue workers.
The fall killed thirteen people, including a two-year-old baby, at the scene, and while two other children were rushed to the hospital, just the 5-year-old boy survived, who now remains hospitalized in Turin in intensive care with several broken bones.
'Technical and organizational causes' are being investigated
The devastating accident, which appears to be Italy's worst case since 1998, when a low-flying U.S. military jet sliced through the cable of a ski lift and killed 20 people, has left people questioning what went wrong and raised new concerns regarding the quality and safety of Italy's transportation system.
The only other time this funicular was involved in a crash was in 2001. The cabin had stranded shortly after leaving Stresa, and forty tourists had to be rescued from the Stresa-Mottarone cable line.
The service, which can usually accommodate about 40 passengers, takes about 20 minutes to transport passengers, according to its website, and it was established in 1970. Following the lifting of coronavirus restrictions, the service had recently reopened.
Enrico Giovannini, Italy's Minister of Infrastructure and Transport, visited the site on Monday, according to BBC, and announced a commission of inquiry to investigate the "technical and organizational causes" of the tragedy. The prosecutors will be concentrating on any criminal blame.
The lead cable broke and the emergency brake failed to work
According to Olimpia Bossi, the Verbania municipality prosecutor, the brakes of the security system didn't work, "otherwise the cabin would have stopped." The reason behind this error "is naturally under investigation."
The investigation's focus will be why the lead cable broke and why the emergency brake failed to work and prevent the cabin from falling back down the mountain.
In a statement to The New York Times, Gianpaolo Rosati, professor of engineering at Milan’s Polytechnic University, stated that such accidents are often the result of a combination of human error and malfunctioning equipment. The cables can snap due to a number of factors, he said, including corrosion or mechanical defects, such as when a winch puts too much strain on them. In that case, the cable car could have broken loose from the support cable that supports it and cut the cable that carries it around the mountain, causing the breaks to malfunction since they are attached to the support wire.
Giovannini stated that a preliminary check of the cable line's safety and maintenance records reveals that the entire lift structure was renovated in August 2016. A full maintenance check was conducted in 2017, and other tests on the cables themselves, including magnetic inspections on the primary cables, were performed in November and December 2020, CBC reported.
Bossi told CNN that it is too early to speculate about the cause of the crash and that the full investigation will take some time. The operator of the funicular cable car, the maintenance company, and other unspecified entities are being investigated, and no one has been charged so far. "We want to give an answer as soon as possible, but it cannot be done in a very short time."