The Technology Of Black Mirror: Fantasy Or Reality?

Black Mirror is a fantastic take on technology's darker sides, but are the devices in the show more science-- or fiction?
Zachary Tomlinson

Are you ready? Black Mirror is returning on June 5th, 2019* for its Season 5 premiere. After the anthology series’ unique and slightly polarizing “choose your own adventure” film, Bandersnatch, fans were eager to see what Black Mirror creator, Charlie Brooker, had up his sleeve in this upcoming season.

Fresh off the press, the Season 5 trailer is here, giving viewers a sneak peek at the technology and themes presented during the three-episode season.

For those of you who may not be familiar, Black Mirror is a British anthology science fiction television series. It examines modern society, particularly with regard to the unanticipated consequences of new technologies. Episodes are standalone, usually set in an alternative present or the near future, and often subjected to a dark and satirical tone.

Basically, it’s The Twilight Zone for millennials.


It’s also a really well conceived and written show. And luckily for those of us who don’t live in the UK, it’s also available on Netflix, which is what allowed the dream of a CYOA episode of television to become a reality.

In general, though, Netflix’s dystopian series paints a pretty dismal portrait of our future, leading many to believe the show is anti-technology. Executive producers Charlie Brooker and Annabel Jones have said that’s not the case though. Rather, Black Mirror is a satire, ribbing our tech addiction by showing deeply exaggerated stories of a future that may come to pass if we don’t become critical of our relationship with the devices that run our lives.

The recent seasons of the show have presented a raft of believable technologies, from parenting surveillance systems, to cloud consciousness, and even killer robot dogs. But how likely are any of these technologies to actually be a part of OUR near-future?

Let’s take a look at a few of the most popular gadgets of the series to see where the technology they depict falls in the spectrum from totally possible, to total fantasy.

Parental Monitoring Implants

The Technology Of Black Mirror: Fantasy Or Reality?
Source: Quartzy

In the episode “Arkangel” viewers were treated to the vision of the ultimate end of helicopter parenting when a worried single mother resolves to have her daughter injected with an implant (described more like microscopic computers in her bloodstream).

This implant is then connected to an app on a tablet that allows the mother to literally see through her daughter’s eyes, check her vitals, track her location, and even censor things that she deems inappropriate for her daughter to experience.

Predictably in the show, the use (or misuse) of the implant’s abilities to manipulate the daughter inevitably ends tragically, but we’ll forgo the spoilers for now because that’s not what we’re interested in. The question here is: how far fetched is the technology?

Well, this is an interesting one. Because ultimately we are a long way off from computers that can be injected into a living person. There are some researchers working on microrobotics which have single uses towards treating a disease or tracking/regulating vitals, but the idea of a system as complex and multi-use as the one depicted in Black Mirror would require technology that was indistinguishable from magic.

And if we had tech that advanced, we as a society probably would be well past worrying about the day to day health of our kids.

The Technology Of Black Mirror: Fantasy Or Reality?
Source: Quartzy

That being said though, every FUNCTION of this fantasy technology does actually exist. We already have wearables that can track vital signs, and apps that parents can install on their kids’ phones to track them and monitor where they are and what they’re seeing on their phones.

If they were super weird, they theoretically could strap a livestream camera onto their kid’s head and see everything they were seeing in realtime, but that would be more than a bit conspicuous.

Alphabet, Google’s parent company, is even working on computers that can be worn as contact lenses, and could be used to censor reality just like we see in the episode.

Ultimately, while the technology in this episode is a fantasy, its effects may in fact be very realistic.

Simulated Dating Worlds

The Technology Of Black Mirror: Fantasy Or Reality?
Source: Amelie Satzger

One of the more mind-bending episodes of Black Mirror, “Hang the DJ”, depicts a world surrounded by walls where dating is whetted down to a stringently enforced system with each person having set amounts of time with a potential mate that vary in length based on how compatible the system deems you to be.

But when two people fall in love and decide to try to escape the system (SPOILER ALERT) they realize that they are just one of the millions of simulations running to see if the real-life versions of themselves would make a good match.

Turns out they do.

Obviously, online dating has changed the world to some degree. But could it ever really get this existentially dreadful? Well… Maybe.

If you have heard of simulation theory, then you know that there is a chance that we are all living in a simulation ourselves.

The idea being that once sufficiently advanced simulations become a possibility, you would run as many of them as you could. It’s not too much of a stretch to imagine some infinitely powerful computer in the future being able to suss out the most essential things that make us and apply that to another person’s characteristics.

Throw in some Matrix-like VR simulation into the mix, and it sounds like we’d be able to recreate this episode. 

Love, as irrational as it may feel at times, is just biology and chemistry, and all of the natural world is really just applied mathematics. That’s what computers were always meant to do. Whether or not the power consumption of running such complex simulations for a dating app would be economically feasible even for an advanced future society though—that’s a whole another question.

Uploading Consciousness

The Technology Of Black Mirror: Fantasy Or Reality?
Source: Pixabay

This idea actually comes up in a couple of different episodes; in fact, it’s something of a running theme for Black Mirror. We see it in “USS Callister”, “Black Museum”, “San Junipero”, “White Christmas”, and “Be Right Back”. It seems a lot of us (or at least a lot of the show’s writers) think that the transcendence of human consciousness from the physical to the digital world will be a key hurdle that near future humanity will have to meet.

But is this really the case, or has Black Mirror been—GASP—lying to us all along!?

To put it simply, the problem is a lot more complicated than Black Mirror would have you believe. First off, we’re still not fully sure what consciousness IS, let alone how to copy or recreate it in a digital format. It’s possible that a normal computer built on binary switches, logic gates, and metallic hardware isn’t even capable of storing consciousness.

But if we look past that for a moment, and imagine a world where that problem at least was solved, we’d still run into problems. For one, since our connectomes are constantly changing, it’s possible that any snapshot of this you might take to upload would be a mere fraction of the person you really are.

The Technology Of Black Mirror: Fantasy Or Reality?
Source: Lindsay Silveira

And in at least one episode, duplicate consciousnesses are created by uploading merely the DNA of the people in question. And even though they may be somewhat rough approximations of the originals, if humanity was at a point where we can instantaneously analyze someone’s DNA and copy it well enough to mimic their consciousness, we’d probably have achieved the technological singularity already and be well beyond the mundane cares of the world Black Mirror often makes us question.

There are plenty of companies out there right now working on building programs that can reliably approximate us and take our place in virtual chatrooms, customer service calls, or keeping up our social media.

And maybe someday we will even be able to take an actual person’s essence, their soul if you will, and upload it to a digital cloud. But by the time we get their consciousness uploaded, we will almost certainly be facing an entirely different set of problems then the ones we can imagine today.

So ultimately, while this tech may not necessarily be fantasy, our only way of conceiving of it certainly is. 

And of Course – Killer Robot Dogs

The Technology Of Black Mirror: Fantasy Or Reality?
Source: Steve Jurvetson

One of the more memorable technologies depicted in Black Mirror appears in the episode entitled “Metalhead.” There isn’t a whole lot to explain: At some point in the near future, in a place that’s never explicitly stated (but might be the English countryside?), humans are few and far between, perpetually on the run from dog-sized autonomous robots who viciously murder any humans they see on sight.

The most interesting thing about these killer doggies is that it appears as though they can hack and control other pieces of technology. And in a post-apocalyptic world filled with so much discarded tech, the dogs don’t have much trouble tracking and killing the humans still left.

But again, the real question is how realistic this technology actually is. Turns out- it basically already exists.

Boston Dynamics has been making robot canines for a couple of years now. They’re capable of following orders, navigating around obstacles, searching out specific items, and crucially- for our purposes- integrating with wireless technology to help itself get around. Just like the dogs from the show!

Luckily for us though, these are good boy robot dogs… for now. They’re made to carry heavy loads over rough terrain and aid in repetitive tasks in work environments. And that’s where most robot apocalypse theories really break down. We tend to worry that as soon as we develop sufficiently advanced AI it will turn against us. But the simple fact that we worry about that means that it’s much less likely to ever happen. We’re aware of the risk, and so AI researchers take steps to guard against the outcome.

Plus, any AI heavily reliant on hardware would be much smarter to keep humans alive and just make us subservient to them. So yeah, maybe in the real world the robot pets will eventually become the masters…

Technologies and Themes to Expect in Season 5

Very few shows have left such a poignant impression on pop culture, masterfully exploring humanity’s darkly symbiotic relationship with technology through engaging narratives. Now the show itself is not waving its finger at you and saying technology is bad. Every season Black Mirror holds up a mirror (pun intended) to both emerging technology and futuristic technology.

Today we want to briefly explore some of the technology expected to appear in Season 5. Though the trailer does leave much to the imagination there are some obvious focal points to this season.

Smartphones are sure to be a huge trend this season. Though this is not a completely new topic for the show, our love and addiction to smart devices seem to be a major theme, playing into the overarching theme of alienation so blatantly presented in the trailer.

And, if you are going to bring up alienation in our modern society, social media seems to be a major theme this year too. Interestingly a recent study by the University of Pittsburgh pointed this issue out, highlighting how social media usage is linked to loneliness and alienation.

Though this idea is not revolutionary and there are countless studies pointing to the same conclusions it will be interesting how Black Mirror will creatively explore these technologies. This season’s overarching question: How connected are we in a “hyper-connected world”?

Other technologies that seem to make an appearance during Black Mirror’s Season 5 include emotionally intelligent robots, something reminiscent of Softbank’s Pepper Robot and the appearance of virtual reality, a huge emerging technology in 2019.

What technologies do you think will take center stage June 5, on Black Mirror?

*Updated on May 16, 2019

Add Interesting Engineering to your Google News feed.
Add Interesting Engineering to your Google News feed.
message circleSHOW COMMENT (1)chevron
Job Board