The researchers were able to bring together electronic and light-based elements on the same chip for the first time.
The marine plastic recovery vessel has pulled 103 tons of trash from the Great Pacific Garbage Patch by itself.
In 2006, a UK citizen was poisoned with Polonium-210, and in 2018, several UK citizens were poisoned with the nerve agent Novichok.
Russian mining giant, Norilsk Nickel, admitted that waste "violations" happened at its Arctic plant and that it had suspended the responsible personnel.
The new technology has a variety of applications including in electronic devices, buildings and vehicles.