How To Turn Waste Into Electricity
Imagine heaps and heaps of earth-polluting, unusable waste just lying around. Around 2 billion tons of solid waste is produced each year. What if all this waste is actually transformed into something constructive?
Istanbul is a metropolis with nearly 16 million people. Every one of these 16 million people throws their trash away, producing approximately 19,000 tons of garbage daily!
But they managed to get rid of these garbage mountains. And they even managed to use garbage to their benefit!
This facility in Istanbul produces electricity from waste. It converts 3000 tons of garbage into electricity every day! That's 1 million tons of waste converted into electricity a year!
Delivering the garbage
Special rucks collect and drive the garbage to the facility and drop it off in the waste bunker, where a giant waste crane picks them up and throws them in a massive boiler!
The boiler burns the garbage at 1832 degrees Fahrenheit. (1000 C)
The kinetic energy created by the power of the fire becomes electricity.
The plant produces 85 megawatts of electricity in one day! This is equal to the amount of daily energy 1.4 million people need. Besides, this gigantic facility is run by the electricity it produces itself!
The hazardous smoke gets filtered out by each of the three chimneys in the facility.
A Continuous Emission Measurement System inside these chimneys provides online monitoring of emissions by the Ministry of Environment and Urbanization. It is designed to shut down the whole system if the emissions reach dangerous levels.
After the burning process, metals get picked out by magnets and taken aside to be recycled. And the ashes of the waste are collected to be used as cement. So, this facility is eco-friendly in any way it can be!
It not only gets rid of garbage but also produces electricity by burning it while recycling metals and even making use of the ash.
And it prevents 1 million 380 thousand tons of greenhouse gas emissions by reducing the use of fossil fuels.
The entire waste management center has a capacity of one million tons per year, or 15% of waste generated in the city.
If one facility can make this much of a change, think about what would happen if there were more facilities like that.