Some Weird and Enchanting Facts About the Number 23

Do you believe in coincidence? Scientists don't, and, according to them, the number 23 has many weird and mysterious coincidences.
Interesting Engineering

Do you believe in coincidence? Mathematicians and data scientists have been investigating the number 23 for many years, and there are some weird things about it. As they search for new statistics regarding the number, let's look at some interesting things about the number 23.

Weird but true!

Throughout history, number 23 was important to numerous religions, including Christianity and Islam. 

According to Kabbalism and Hurufism, there are many ‘holy numbers’ in our life. The number 23 is one of them.

In mathematics, twenty-three is the ninth prime number. It is also the fifth factorial prime and the second Woodall prime.

No doubt, Einstein was the one who worked with the number as an Eisenstein prime with no imaginary part and the real part having the form of 3n − 1. It was at the center of his attention. 

Some Weird and Enchanting Facts About the Number 23
Source: Muzaffer AKAR / Flickr

There is also a link to Islam. The Qur'an was revealed in a total of 23 years to Prophet Muhammed. Also, Muslims believe that the first verses of the Qur'an were revealed to the Prophet Muhammad on the 23rd night of the 9th Islamic month.

According to the birthday paradox, in a group of 23 (or more) randomly chosen people, the probability is more than 50% that some pair of them will have the same birthday. A related coincidence is that 365 times the natural logarithm of 2, which is approximately 252.999, is very close to the number of pairs of 23 items, 253.

Number twenty-three is also in our body and genes. Normal human sex cells have 23 chromosomes. Other human cells have 46 chromosomes arranged in 23 pairs. The average human physical biorhythm is 23 days, and the blood circulates the body on average every 23 seconds.

[Image Source: Wikipedia]

In Christianity, Psalm 23, also known as the Shepherd Psalm, is possibly the most quoted and best-known Psalm. Psalms are also the 23rd book in the Douay–Rheims Bible.

[Image Source: FW]

23 is also one of the happy numbers. Only three other numbers have this property: 1, 22, and 24.

[Image Source: Wikimedia]

The Cabalists affirm that a letter is missing in the Torah. That letter of the alphabet does not appear in our "eon" and is not used in the Torah. The primitive divine alphabet and all of the Torah also would base on a series of 23 letters, not 22. Somehow it became invisible to us and will reappear only during the next terrestrial period.

[Image Source: Wikimedia]

Principia Discordia, the sacred text of Discordianism, holds that 23 is one of the sacred numbers of Eris, the goddess of discord.

Composer Alban Berg had a similar view regarding the number 23, using it to structure several works. Various suggestions have been made as to the reason for this interest: he took it from the Biorhythms theory of Wilhelm Fliess, in which a 23-day time cycle is considered significant. Or just because he suffered an asthma attack on the 23rd of the month.

[Image Source: Jim Carrey Online]

There are even two movies about number 23 called The Number 23. In 2007, Jim Carrey characterized a man who becomes obsessed with the 23 enigma in the movie. And the German production movie called 23 was also about a man obsessed with numbers.

[Image Source: Wikimedia]

John Forbes Nash, the American Nobel Prize-winning mathematician also the subject of a film called A Beautiful Mind, was obsessed with 23 as well. He believed that the number 23 has a unique role in human relationships, for personal health and the life order; it had a special significance for his work. An interesting fact is that Nash has published 23 scientific articles during his life. The day of his death is also intriguing - May 23, 2015.

[Image Source:]

According to  Sun Tzu's original formulation, and Chinese remainder theorem, 23 is the smallest positive solution. And the Chinese mathematician Tzu based his theory on this in the 3rd century AD.

Do you find number 23 to be interesting? Do you think there is a link between all these religions and the number 23? 

Please share your views in the comments!

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