Scientists Just Discovered Another State of Liquid Water

Scientists Just Discovered Another State of Liquid Water

Water remains one of the most important (if not the most important) compounds on the entire planet. However, despite being the source of life on this planet, we're still discovering something new about the liquid.

water2[Image Courtesy of Pixabay]

Researchers discovered that when water gets heated between 40 to 60 degrees Celsius (104 Fahrenheit to 140 Fahrenheit), it switches between two different liquid states. The discovery could complicate our simple understanding of solid, liquid and gaseous states of water.

An international group led by Laura Maestro from University of Oxford looked at the properties of water and how they changed during temperature fluctuations.

Each property had a unique "crossover temperature," implying the water switched into a different phase entirely.

"These results confirm that in the 0-100 degrees Celsius range, liquid water presents a crossover temperature in many of its properties close to 50 degrees Celsius," the team concluded.

water1[Image Courtesy of Pixabay]

But why is this happening? It could be because water molecules keep short-lived connections between each other.

"Everyone is agreed that one aspect of water’s molecular structure sets it apart from most other liquids: fleeting hydrogen bonds," said Philip Ball said in Nature.

The bonds constantly break and reform in a chaotic sort of organization, something that has perplexed physicists for years.

We won't see another state of water joining our science textbooks just yet. The results still have to be duplicated by another independent team before confirming the results. However, this could be crucial to the way we better understand dihydrogen monoxide as a life source.

The team already looks to the vast ways the discovery could improve science. They said it could be vital in expanding our knowledge of nanosystems and biology.

SEE ALSO: New Hydrogen Fuel Possible by Splitting Water Molecules with Nanowires

"For example, the optical properties of metallic (gold and silver) nanoparticles dispersed in water, used as nanoprobes, and the emission properties of ... quantum dots, used for fluorescence bioimaging and tumour targeting, show a singular behaviour in this temperature range," they wrote in their paper.

Via InderScience

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