If safety is your number one priority then the Tesla Model 3 is the car for you. The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) has named the Long Range RWD Tesla Model 3 as the vehicle with the lowest probability of injury among all cars that the agency has tested to date. The Model 3 got the title after being put through NHTSA’s New Car Assessment Program.
The rigorous testing process involves a series of crash tests to determine the likelihood of a serious injury to a passenger in front, side and rollover crashes. Tesla is rightly proud of the news noting in a blog post about the safety ratings that it expects the Dual Motor AWD Model 3 to perform just as well in the NHTSA’s tests.
Model 3 cleverly uses weight to improve safety and performance
The Model 3 is in part so safe thanks to the placement of the car's heavy battery which is right at the car's center of gravity making it near impossible to rollover. The location of the battery gives the Model 3 near 50/50 weight distribution. Placing the rear motor in front of the axle also adds to the the Model 3’s great weight distribution, and helps its overall agility and handling.
Like all the Tesla range, the Model 3 is built around a rigid passenger compartment. The lack of an internal combustion engine dominating the car front and without a large fuel tank at the back means the Tesla has large crumple zones that absorb energy during a collision and reduce the risk of injury to the vehicle's occupants.
Strong body protects passengers
The cars architecture is designed with energy-absorbing lateral and diagonal beam structures that protect passengers in case of a pole impact crash which a high-strength aluminum bumper beam and a sway bar placed close and forward in front of the car help maintain the cars rigidity in other types of impacts. An ultra-high-strength martensitic steel beam added to the car's front suspension helps absorb crash energy even further.
On the inside of the car, Tesla's Model 3 boasts an advanced restraint system, that reduces how much passengers will move in an accident and passenger airbags are designed to protect an occupant’s head in the event of an angled or offset crash. What sets Teslas apart from other vehicles being produced at this time are their extraordinary low centre of gravity that makes them almost impossible to rollover.
In the unlikely instance that a rollover does occur, the Model 3 has proven it can withstand roof-crush loads equivalent to more than four times the electric sedan weight. These numbers outweigh the NHTSA’s standards that require cars to withstand three times their own weight.