The A-Z List of Black Inventors

This list of Black and African-American inventors have certainly earned their place in history. Let's take a look at the legacy of these inventors.

The A-Z List of Black Inventors
1, 2, 3

The following join the ranks of many great African-American inventors who have contributed greatly to society throughout the years.

Biography

Black Inventors - The Complete List of Genius Black American (African American) Inventors, Scientists, and Engineers with Their Revolutionary Inventions That Changed the World and Impacted History - Part Two

Many black inventors have struggled with hardship, poverty and, in some circumstances, slavery, to prove their genius to the world. The following are but a few of the many inventive and talented members of the black community in the United States. 

Many of the entries on this list are derived from the dutiful work of one Mr. Henry Baker who worked for the U.S. Patent Office between the late 1800's and early 1900's. At this time, the African-Americans had few rights so Henry wanted to make sure that some, at least, received some form of unofficial recognition for their contributions to society. 

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This list is not exhaustive but is comprehensive and is in alphabetical order. 

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You can find the list version at the end of the content.

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1. Abrams, W. B.

What his invention was: Hame Attachment

Patent Number: 450550

Patent Date: 4/14/1891

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2. Alcorn, George Edward Jr.

What their invention or inventions was/were: X-Ray Spectrometer For Distant Galaxies And 19 Others

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Additional information: George is best known as the inventor of the Imagining X-Ray Spectrometer. This would ultimately earn him the NASA Goddard Space Flight Center Inventor of the Year in 1984.

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George was born in March of 1940 who would later earn his B.A. in Physics in 1962, a Masters in 1963 and Ph.D. in 1967. He would spend a large portion of his career at NASA. Alcorn has around 20 other inventions to his name too.

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3. Allen, C. W.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Self-Levelling Table

Patent Number: 613436

Patent Date: 11/1/1898

4. Allen, J. B.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Clothes Line Support

Patent Number: 551105

Patent Date: 12/10/1895

5. Ashbourne, Alexander P.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Process Preparing Coconut For Domestic Use,Biscuit Cutter, Process Of Treating Coconut, Refining Coconut Oil

Patent Numbers: 163962, 170460, 194287, 230518

Patent Dates: 6/1/1875, 11/30/1875, 8/21/1877, 7/27/1880

6. Bailes, Wm.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Ladder Scaffold-Support

Patent Number: 218154

Patent Date: 8/5/1879

7. Bailey, L. C.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Combined Truss And Bandage, Folding Bed, Shampoo Headrest

Patent Number: 285545, 629286

Patent Date: 9/25/1883, 7/18/1899

Additional information: Leonard was born in 1825 into poverty and physically disabled. He would go on to receive various patents for his inventions.

Bailey also invented the rapid mail-stamping machine, a device to shunt trains to different tracks, and a hernia truss that was adopted by the United States Military. Leonard died in 1905.

8. Bailiff, C. O.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Shampoo Headrest

Patent Number: 612008

Patent Date: 10/11/1898

9. Ballow, W. J.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Combined Hat Rack And Table

Patent Numbers: 601422

Patent Dates: 4/29/1898

10. Banneker, Benjamin

What their invention or inventions was/were: Astronomical Almanac

11. Barnes, G. A. E.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Design For Sigh

Patent Number: 29193

Patent Date: 8/19/1898

12. Bath, Patricia

The A-Z List of Black Inventors
Source: National Library of Medicine/Wikimedia Commons

What their invention or inventions was/were: The Cataract Laserphaco Probe

Additional information: Patricia was born in Harlem and would go on to become a pioneer ophthalmologist, inventor, and academic who is known for inventing a tool and procedure for the removal of cataracts using a laser beam called the Laserphaco Probe.

She was born in 1942 in New York as the daughter of the first African-American motorman to work in NYC subway. Patricia would show an early interest and ability for science at a young age. This passion would drive her onwards and upwards.

She would eventually become the first African-American to complete a residency in ophthalmology and the first female appointed to the faculty of the University of California at Los Angeles.

13. Beard, Andrew J.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Rotary Engine, Car Coupler

Patent Numbers: 478271, 594059

Patent Dates: 7/5/1892, 11/23/1897

14. Becket, G. E.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Letter Box

Patent Number: 483325

Patent Date: 10/4/1892

15. Bell, Landrow

What their invention or inventions was/were: Broom Moisteners And Bridles, Dough Kneader

Patent Numbers: 115153, 133823

Patent Dates: 5/23/1871, 12/10/1872

16. Benjamin, L. W.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Broom Moisteners And Bridles

Patent Numbers: 497747

Patent Dates: 5/16/1893

17. Benjamin, M. E.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Gong And Signal Chairs For Hotels

Patent Number: 386286

Patent Date: 7/17/1888

18. Berger, Edmond

What their invention or inventions was/were: Spark Plug

19. Binga, M. W.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Street Sprinkling Apparatus

Patent Number: 217843

Patent Date: 7/22/1879

20. Blackburn, A. B.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Railway Signal, Spring Seat For Chairs, Cash Carrier

Patent Numbers: 376362, 380420, 391577

Patent Dates: 1/1/1888, 4/3/1888, 10/23/1888

21. Blue, L.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Design For Rubber Scraping Knife

Patent Numbers: 298937

Patent Dates: 5/20/1884

22. 17: Booker, L. F.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Spring Seat For Chairs

Patent Number: 30404

Patent Date: 3/28/1899

23. Boone, Sarah

The A-Z List of Black Inventors
Source: SHSMO

What their invention or inventions was/were: Ironing Board

Patent Number: 473653

Patent Date: 4/26/1892

Additional information: Sarah Boone was born in 1832 in North Carolina who would go on to develop a special type of ironing board. Her invention was made from a narrow wooden board that had collapsible legs with the entire device having a padded cover.

Prior to this invention, the most common solution was a simple plank of wood placed across a pair of chairs.

24. Bowman, H. A.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Making Flags

Patent Number: 469395

Patent Date: 2/23/1892

25. Boykin, Otis

What their invention or inventions was/were: The Artificial Heart Pacemaker Control Unit

Additional information: Otis Boykin was born in Dallas, Texas on August 29, 1920. After his invention of the control unit for pacemakers, he would ironically die from a heart attack in 1982.

Boykin would graduate from Fisk College, Tennessee in 1941 and later took up work at in 1945 P.J. Nilsen Research Laboratories to fund further studies at Illinois Institute of Technology. He dropped out two years later and started his own business in 1947.

26. Bradberry, Henrietta

What their invention or inventions was/were: The Bed Rack

Patent Number: 2320027

Patent Date: 5/25/1943

27. Bradley, Benjamin

What their invention or inventions was/were: First Steam Engine For A Ship

Additional information: Benjamin was born a slave in 1830 and was taught to read and write by his master's children. He would show a talent for invention and later devised the first steam engine for a ship.

Showing a great natural talent for invention, his master referred him to the United States Naval Academy in Annapolis, Maryland to take up a position as an assistant in their Science Department. It was here that he developed his own design for a steam engine.

Being a slave he was not able to patent his invention - he did sell the rights to it, however, and bought his own freedom.

28. Brody & Surgwar

What their invention or inventions was/were: Folding Chair

29. Brooks, Charles B.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Street Sweepers, Punch

Patent Numbers: 556711, 507672, 560154

Patent Dates: 3/17/1890, 10/31/1893, 5/12/1896

30. Brooks, Hallstead/Page

What their invention or inventions was/were: Street Sweepers

Patent Number: 558719

Patent Date: 4/21/1896

31. Brown, Henry

What their invention or inventions was/were: Desk-Top File Box/The Modern-Day Fireproof Safe

Patent Number: 352036

Patent Date: 11/2/1886

Additional information: Henry patented his invention for storing and preserving documents and valuables in 1886. Brown’s invention was, later on, improved to evolve into what is known today as a strongbox.

32. Brown, Lincoln F.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Bridle Bit

Patent Number: 484994

Patent Date: 10/25/1892

33. Brown, M. V. B.

The A-Z List of Black Inventors
Source: Timeline

What their invention or inventions was/were: Early Form Of Cctv

Patent Number: 3482037

Patent Date: 25246

Additional information: Marie V. B. Brown was born in 1922 into the crime-ridden neighborhood of Queens, NYC. Her experiences in her youth would ultimately lead her to develop an early form CCTV.

Marie and her partner, Albert Brown, who was an electronics technician, applied for a patent for their invention on August 1, 1966. Their patent was filed for their Home Security System Utilizing Television Surveillance, a closed circuit television system, known today as CCTV system.

Their patent was granted on December 2, 1969.

34. Burr, John

What their invention or inventions was/were: Lawn Mower

35. Burridge & Marshman

What their invention or inventions was/were: Typewriter

36. Burwell, W.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Boot Or Shoe

Patent Number: 638143

Patent Date: 11/28/1899

37. Butler, R. A.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Train Alarm

Patent Number: 584540

Patent Date: 6/15/1897

38. Butts, John W.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Luggage Carrier

Patent Numbers: 634611

Patent Dates: 10/10/1899

39. Byrd, T. J.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Improvement In Holders For Reins For Horses, Apparatus Detaching Horses From Carriages, Improvement In Neck Yokes For Wagons, Improvement In Car Couplings

Patent Numbers: 123328, 124790, 126181, 157370

Patent Dates: 2/6/1872, 3/19/1872, 4/30/1872, 12/1/1874

40. Campbell, W. S.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Self-Setting Animal Trap

Patent Numbers: 246369

Patent Dates: 8/30/1881

41. Cargill, B. F.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Invalid Cot

Patent Numbers: 629658

Patent Dates: 7/25/1899

42. Carrington, T. A.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Range

Patent Numbers: 180323

Patent Dates: 7/25/1876

43. Carter, W. C.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Umbrella Stand

Patent Number: 323397

Patent Date: 8/4/1885

44. Carver, George Washington

The A-Z List of Black Inventors
Source: National Park Service

What their invention or inventions was/were: Peanut Butter, Cosmetics And Producing The Same, Paint And Stain And Producing The Same, Producing Paint And Stains

Patent Numbers: 1522176, 1541478, 1632365

Patent Dates: 01/06/1925, 06/09/1925, 6/14/1927

Additional information: George was born a slave in Missouri between 1860 and 1865 (not exact records exist) during the Civil War. He would later devise over 300 different uses for peanuts, including cooking oil, printer’s ink, and axle grease.

George earned his Bachelor's degree in Agricultural Science from Iowa State in 1894 which he followed up with a masters in 1896. He received the 1923 Spingarn Medal and was posthumously inducted into the National Inventors Hall of Fame.

45. Certain, Jerry M.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Parcel Carrier For Bicycles

Patent Number: 639708

Patent Date: 12/26/1899

46. Cherry, M. A.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Velocipede, Street Car Fender

Patent Numbers: 382351, 531908

Patent Dates: 5/8/1888, 1/1/1895

47. Church, T. S.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Carpet Beating Machine

Patent Number: 302237

Patent Date: 7/29/1884

48. Clare, O. B.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Trestle

Patent Number: 390753

Patent Date: 10/9/1888

49. Coates, Robert

What their invention or inventions was/were: Overboot For Horses

Patent Number: 473295

Patent Date: 4/19/1892

50. Cook, George

What their invention or inventions was/were: Automatic Fishing Device

Patent Number: 625829

Patent Date: 5/30/1899

51. Coolidge, J. S.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Harness Attachment

Patent Number: 392908

Patent Date: 11/13/1888

52. Cooper, A. R.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Shoemaker’s Jack

Patent Number: 631519

Patent Date: 8/22/1899

53. Cooper, J.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Shutter And Fastening, Elevator Device

Patent Number: 276563, 536605, 590257

Patent Date: 5/1/1883, 4/2/1895, 9/21/1897

54. Cornwell, P. W.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Draft Regulator

Patent Numbers: 390284, 491082

Patent Dates: 10/2/1888, 2/7/1983

55. Cosgrove, W. F.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Automatic Stop Plug For Gas Oil Pipes

Patent Number: 313993

Patent Date: 3/17/1885

56. Cralle, Alfred L.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Ice-Cream Mold And Disher

Patent Number: 576395

Patent Dates: 2/2/1897

Additional information: Alfred L. Cralle was a Black American inventor and businessman. He is best known for his invention of the ice cream scoop. Cralle was born on the 4th September 1866 in Virginia.

He never acquired a formal education beyond basic schooling as a child. He worked various odd jobs and he would devise the idea for his scoop whilst working at a hotel in Pittsburgh where he noticed how much difficulty people were having serving ice cream with spoons and ladles alone. He was tragically killed during a car accident in 1920.

58. Creamer, H.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Steam Trap Feeder, Steam Feed Water Trap

Patent Numbers: 394463, 313854

Patent Dates: 12/11/1888, 3/17/1895

59. Carruthers, George R.

What their invention or inventions was/were: The Ultraviolet Camera Spectrograph

60. Darkins, J. T.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Ventilation Aid

Patent Number: 534322

Patent Date: 2/19/1895

61. Davis, I. D.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Tonic

Patent Number: 351829

Patent Date: 11/2/1886

62. Davis, William D.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Riding Saddles

Patent Number: 568939

Patent Date: 10/6/1896

63. Davis, W. R., Jr.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Library Table

Patent Number: 208378

Patent Date: 9/24/1878

64. Deitz, W. A.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Shoe

Patent Number: 64205

Patent Date: 4/30/1867

65. De Leon, Martha (Mary) Jones

The A-Z List of Black Inventors
Source: U.S. Patent Database Search

What their invention or inventions was/were: A Cooking Apparatus

Patent Number: 140253

Patent Date: 24/6/1873

Additional information: Martha DeLeon was the second African-American woman to receive and patent for her invention. Her invention was an early precursor of the steam tables that we see at food buffets worldwide today.

66. Dickinson, Joseph H.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Player Piano, Arm For Recording Machine

Patent Numbers: 1028996, 1262411

Patent Dates: 06/11/1912, 01/08/1918

67. Dorsey, O.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Door Knob, Door Stop

Patent Numbers: 210764

Patent Dates: 12/10/1878

68. Dorticus, Clatonia Joaquin

What their invention or inventions was/were: Applicator For Coloring Liquids-Soles And Heels, Machine For Embossing Photo, Photographic Print Wash, Hose Leak Stop

Patent Numbers: 535820, 537442, 537968, 629315

Patent Dates: 3/19/1895, 4/16/1895, 4/23/1895, 7/18/1899

69. Downing, Gertrude E.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Corner Cleaner Attachment

Patent Numbers: 3715772

Patent Dates: 2/13/1973

70. Downing, Paul L.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Mail Box

71. Downing, Phillip B.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Electric Switch For Railroad, Letter Box

Patent Numbers: 430118, 462093

Patent Dates: 6/17/1890, 10/27/1891

72. Drew, Charles R. Md

What their invention or inventions was/were: Apparatus For Preserving Blood/Blood Plasma Bag

Patent Number: 2301710

Patent Date: 11/10/1942

73. Dunnington, J. H.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Horse Detachers

Patent Number: 578979

Patent Date: 3/16/1897

74. Edmonds, T. H.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Separating Screens

Patent Number: 586724

Patent Date: 7/20/1897

75. Eglin, Ellen

The A-Z List of Black Inventors
Source: Library of Congress/Wikimedia Commons

What their invention or inventions was/were: Mechanical Clothes Wringer

Additional information: Little is known about Ellen Eglin except she was born in 1849 and worked as a housekeeper and is the inventor of a mechanical clothes wringer.

Afraid that no-one would buy the invention because of her ethnicity she sold her invention for pennies in 1888. She later died in 1890 and never received any recognition for her device in her lifetime.

76. Elkins, T.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Dining, Ironing Table And Quilting Frame, Chamber Commode, Refrigerating Apparatus, Chamber Commode

Patent Numbers: 100020, 122518, 221222

Patent Dates: 2/22/1870, 1/9/1872, 11/4/1879

77. Evans, J. H.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Convertible Settees

Patent Numbers: 591095

Patent Dates: 10/5/1897

78. Faulkner, H.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Ventilated Shoe

Patent Number: 426495

Patent Date: 4/29/1890

79. Ferrell, F. J.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Steam Trap, Apparatus For Melting Snow

Patent Numbers: 420993, 428670

Patent Dates: 2/11/1890, 5/27/1890

80. Fisher, David A., Jr.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Joiner’S Clamp, Furniture Castor

Patent Numbers: 162281, 174791

Patent Dates: 4/20/1875, 3/11/1876

81. Fisher, O. A.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Furniture Caster

82. Flemming, Jr., Robert F.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Guitar

83. Grant, George, F.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Golf Tee

Additional information: George was an African America dentist, academic, and inventor. He is famed for being the first Black American professor at Harvard and developing the "Perfectum Golf Tee”.

He was born in 1846 in Oswego, New York, to former slaves. George was also famed for being the first Black American professor at Harvard University and became the President of the University's Dental Association.

George died in 1910 from liver disease.

84. Goode, Sarah E.

The A-Z List of Black Inventors
Source: Digging History

What their invention or inventions was/were: Cabinet Bed

Patent Number: 322177

Patent Date: 7/14/1885

Additional information: Sarah was the second of seven children and was born into slavery in 1855. She was freed at the end of Civil War, and she went on to become the fourth African-American to be awarded a patent.

It was in Chicago where Sarah met her husband, Archibald Goode, a carpenter, and stair builder. Possessing an entrepreneurial spirit, Sarah opened a furniture store.

It was here that she conceived of her revolutionary bed design after hearing complaints from the neighborhood about bed sizes in their crowded homes. Sarah died on April 8, 1905, in Chicago at the age of 50.

85. Gourdine, Meredith C.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Electrogasdynamic Method And Apparatus

Patent Number: 3449667

Patent Date: 6/10/1969

86. Gray, R. H.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Bailing Press, Cistern Cleaners

Patent Numbers: 525203, 537151

Patent Dates: 8/28/1894, 4/9/1895

87. Gregory, J.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Motor

Patent Number: 361937

Patent Date: 4/26/1887

88. Grenon, H.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Razor Stropping Device

Patent Number: 554867

Patent Date: 2/18/1896

89. Griffen, F. W.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Pool Table Attachment

Patent Number: 626902

Patent Date: 6/13/1899

90. 8: Gunn, S. W.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Boot Or Shoe

Patent Number: 641642

Patent Date: 1/16/1900

91. Haines, J. H.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Portable Basin

Patent Number: 590833

Patent Date: 9/28/1897

92. Hall, Lloyd

What their invention or inventions was/were: Food Preservation Techniques

Additional information: Lloyd Hall was a Black American inventor, chemist, and scientist. He is best known for his work on food preservation techniques. Hall was born in 1894 in Elgin, Illinois, and earned his degree in B.Sc. in Pharmaceutical Chemistry in 1916.

He would later take up employment at Griffith's Laboratories where he would devise his new techniques for food preservation. Hall died in 1971.

93. Hammonds, Julia Terry

What their invention or inventions was/were: Apparatus For Holding Yarn Skeins

Patent Number: 572985

Patent Date: 12/15/1896

94. Hannah, Marc

What their invention or inventions was/were: A Pioneer Of 3-D Graphics In Films

95. Harding, F. H.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Extension Banquet Table

Patent Number: 614468

Patent Date: 11/22/1898

96. Harney, M. C.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Lantern Or Lamp

Patent Number: 303844

Patent Date: 8/19/1884

97. Harris, Dr. Betty Wright

The A-Z List of Black Inventors
Source: Cpnas

What their invention or inventions was/were: TATB Spot Test

Patent Number: 4618452

Patent Date: 18/21/1986

Additional information: Dr. Betty Harris is an American organic analytical chemist, a leading expert in explosives, environmental remediation, and hazardous waste treatment. She was awarded a patent for her TATB spot test, which identifies explosives in a field environment.

She was born in July 1940 in rural Louisiana and was one of 12 children. Harris later earned her Bachelor's in Chemistry in 1961 and her Master's in 1963 followed by her Ph.D. in Chemistry in 1973.

98. Harvey, M.C

What their invention or inventions was/were: Lantern

99. Hawkins, Joseph

What their invention or inventions was/were: Gridiron

Patent Number: 3973

Patent Date: 3/26/1845

100. Hawkins, Lincoln Walter

What their invention or inventions was/were: Plastic Cable Sheath

Additional information: Walter was born in 1911 and whilst working at AT & T, he devised and patented a new polymer plastic cable sheath for cables. Walter was fascinated by how things worked at a young age and even built his own spring-driven toy boats and working radio in his youth.

After graduating, he began a lifetime's career at Bell Labs. He finally retired in 1976 and began teaching science and engineering.

101. Hawkins, R.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Harness Attachment

Patent Number: 370943

Patent Date: 10/4/1887

102. Headen, M.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Foot Power Hammer

Patent Number: 350363

Patent Date: 10/5/1886

103. Hearness, R.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Sealing Attachment For Bottles, Detachable Car Fender

Patent Numbers: 598929, 628003

Patent Dates: 2/15/1898, 7/4/1899

104. Hilyer, A. F.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Water Evaporator Attachment Hot Air Registers

Patent Numbers: 435095, 438159

Patent Dates: 8/26/1890, 10/14/1890

105. Holmes, E. H.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Gage

Patent Numbers: 549513

Patent Dates: 11/12/1895

106. Holmes, Lydia M.

What their invention or inventions was/were: The Knockdown Wheeled Toy

Patent Number: 2529692

Patent Date: 11/14/1950

107. Hunter, John W.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Portable Weighing Scales

Patent Numbers: 570553

Patent Dates: 11/3/1896

108. Hyde, R. N.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Composition For Cleaning & Preserving Carpets

Patent Numbers: 392205

Patent Dates: 11/6/1888

109. Jackson, B. F.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Heating Apparatus, Matrix Drying Apparatus, Gas Burner

Patent Numbers: 599985, 603879, 622482

Patent Dates: 3/1/1898, 5/10/1898, 4/4/1899

110. Jackson, H. A.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Kitchen Table

Patent Number: 596135

Patent Date: 10/6/1896

111. Jackson, W. H.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Railway Switch, Automatic Locking Switch

Patent Numbers: 578641, 593665, 609436

Patent Dates: 3/9/1897, 3/16/1897, 8/23/1898

112. Jennings, Thomas L.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Dry Scouring Cleaning Technique

Additional information: Thomas was born in 1791 as a freeman who successfully developed a means of cleaning clothes with a technique called dry scouring. Thomas apprenticed as a tailor in his youth with part of his services being providing dry-cleaning services to clients.

Later on, he created his own business as a tailor and dry-cleaner and became highly respected by his local community. He used his early profits to buy his wife's and children's freedom.

113. Johnson, Issac R.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Bicycle Frame

Patent Number: 634823

Patent Date: 10/10/1899

115. Johnson, Lonnie

What their invention or inventions was/were: Super Soaker And 8 Other Patents

116. Johnson, Payton

What their invention or inventions was/were: Swinging Chairs

Patent Number: 249530

Patent Date: 11/15/1881

117. Johnson, Powell

What their invention or inventions was/were: Eye Protector

Patent Number: 234039

Patent Date: 11/2/1880

118. Johnson, W. H.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Overcoming Dead Centers

Patent Numbers: 554223, 612345

Patent Dates: 2/4/1896, 10/11/1898

119. Johnson, Willis

What their invention or inventions was/were: Egg Beater, Paint Vehicle, Velocipede

Patent Numbers: 292821, 393763, 627335

Patent Dates: 2/5/1884, 12/4/1888, 6/20/1899

120. Jones, Frederick

What their invention or inventions was/were: Air Conditioning Unit, Thermostat Control, Motor Ticket Dispensing Machine, Design For Air Conditioning Unit, Automatically Stopping & Starting Gas Engines, Two-Cycle Gas Engine, Air Conditioning Unit, Starter Generator, Thermostatically Operating Gas Engines, Rotary Compressor, Controlling Operation Of Refrigeration Units, Heating Or Cooling Atmosphere In Enclosures, Two-Cycle Gasoline Engine, Prefabricated Refrigerator Construction, Refrigeration Control Device, Means Of Defrosting A Cold Diffuser, Method For Air Conditioning, Control Device For Internal Combustion Engine, Thermostat And Temperature Control System

121. Joyce, J. A.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Ore Bucket

Patent Number: 603143

Patent Date: 4/26/1898

122. Julian, Percy L.

What their invention or inventions was/were: The Process Of Synthesis

123. Kelley, George W.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Steam Table

Patent Number: 592591

Patent Date: 10/26/1897

124. Latimer & Brown

What their invention or inventions was/were: Water Closets For Railway Cars

Patent Number: 147363

Patent Date: 2/10/1874

125. Latimer, Lewis H.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Electric Lamp Bulb, Manufacturing Carbons, Apparatus For Cooling And Disinfecting, Locking Racks For Coats, Hats, And Umbrellas

Patent Numbers: 252386, 334078, 557076

Patent Dates: 6/17/1882, 1/12/1886, 3/24/1896

126. Latimer, Lewis-Nichols, Joseph

What their invention or inventions was/were: Electric Lamp

Patent Number: 247097

Patent Date: 9/13/1881

127. Lavalette, W. A.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Printing Press

Patent Number: 208184

Patent Date: 9/17/1878

128. Lee, H.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Animal Trap

Patent Number: 61941

Patent Date: 2/12/1867

129. Lee, Joseph

What their invention or inventions was/were: Kneading Machine, Bread Crumbing Machine

Patent Numbers: 524042, 540553

Patent Dates: 8/7/1894, 6/4/1895

130. Leslie, F. W.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Envelope Seal

Patent Number: 590325

Patent Date: 9/21/1897

131. Lewis, A. L.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Window Cleaner

Patent Number: 483359

Patent Date: 9/27/1892

132. Lewis, E. R.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Spring Gun

Patent Number: 362096

Patent Date: 5/3/1887

133. Linden, H.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Piano Truck

Patent Number: 459365

Patent Date: 9/8/1891

134. Little, E.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Bridle-Bit

Patent Number: 254666

Patent Date: 3/7/1882

135. Long, A. E. And Jones, A. A.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Caps For Bottles

Patent Number: 610715

Patent Date: 9/13/1898

136. Loudin, F. J.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Key Chain, Sash Fastener, Key Fastener

Patent Numbers: 510432, 512308

Patent Dates: 12/12/1892, 1/9/1894

137. Love, J. L.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Plasterers’ Hawk, Pencil Sharpener

Patent Numbers: 542419, 594114

Patent Dates: 7/9/1895, 11/23/1897

138. Maceo West, James Edward

What their invention or inventions was/were: Foil Electret Microphone

Patent Number: 3118022

Patent Date: 5/22/1962

Additional information: James Maceo West is a prolific American inventor and professor best-known for the invention of an early microphone called the electroacoustic transducer electret microphone (ETEM).

He holds over 250 other patents as well. He was born in Prince Edward County, Virginia in 1931. James would later graduate from Temple University in 1957 with a degree in Physics. He then began a lifetime career at Bell Labs as full-time acoustical scientist.

139. Marishane, Ludwick

What their invention or inventions was/were: Dry Bath

140. Marshall, T.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Fire Extinguisher

141. Marshall, W.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Grain Binder

Patent Number: 341599

Patent Date: 5/11/1886

142. Marshman, Newman R.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Type Writing Machine

Patent Number: 315366

Patent Date: 4/7/1885

143. Martin, Thomas J.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Fire Extinguisher

Patent Number: 125063

Patent Date: 5/26/1872

145. Martin, W. A.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Lock

Patent Numbers: 407738, 443945

Patent Dates: 7/23/1889, 12/30/1890

146. Matzeliger, Jan E.

The A-Z List of Black Inventors
Source: Find a Grave

What their invention or inventions was/were: Shoe Lasting Machine, Tack Separating Mechanism, Lasting Machine, Nailing Machine, Mechanism For Distributing Tacks

Patent Numbers: 274207, 423937, 459899, 421954, 415726

Patent Dates: 3/20/1883, 3/25/1890, 9/22/1891, 11/26/1899

Additional information: Jan was born in 1852 in Paramaribo in Dutch Guiana. After experimenting with different designs, Jan Matzeliger invented a shoe lasting machine that adjusted the shoe leather upper snugly over the mold.

Jan was born in 1852 as a son of Surinamese and Dutch parents in Paramaribo in Dutch Guiana (now called Suriname). He showed interest in mechanics from a young age and later on in life started work at a shoe factory in 1877 - it was here that he conceived of his invention.

147. Mccoy, Elijah J.

The A-Z List of Black Inventors
Source: Ypsilanti Historical Society/Wikimedia Commons

What their invention or inventions was/were: Lubricator For Steam Engines, Lubricator, Steam Lubricator, Steam Lubricator, Steam Lubricator, Ironing Table, Steam Cylinder Lubricator, Steam Dome, Lubricator Attachment, Lubricator For Safety Valves, Drip Cup, Oil Cup, Lawn Sprinkler Design And Many More

Patent Numbers: 129843, 130305, 139407, 146697, 150876, 173032, 179585, 255443, 261166, 320379, 320354, 357491, 361435, 363529, 383745, 383746, 460215, 465875, 472066, 610634, 611759, 615307, 627623, 631549

Patent Dates: 7/2/1872, 8/6/1872, 5/27/1873, 1/20/1874, 5/12/1874, 2/1/1876, 7/4/1876, 3/28/1882, 7/18/1882, 6/16/1885, 6/16/1885, 2/8/1887, 4/19/1887, 5/24/1887, 5/29/1888, 5/29/1888, 9/29/1891, 12/29/1891, 4/5/1892, 9/13/1898, 10/4/1898, 11/15/1898, 6/27/1899, 9/26/1899

Additional information: Elijah McCoy was born in 1844 in Ontario, Canada. His family was one of the few families who was successfully relocated to Canada by the Underground Railroad organization, and later on, their family became very successful.

His parents worked hard and saved money until they had enough put together to send him to Scotland to learn Mechanical Engineering in an apprenticeship. He returned to the U.S. and lead a highly successful career as an engineer.

148. Mccree, D.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Portable Fire Escape

Patent Number: 440322

Patent Date: 11/11/1890

149. Mendenhall, A.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Holder For Driving Reins

Patent Number: 637811

Patent Date: 11/28/1899

150. Miles, Alexander

What their invention or inventions was/were: Elevator

Patent Number: 371207

Patent Date: 10/11/1867

151. Mitchell, C. L.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Phneterisin

Patent Number: 291071

Patent Date: 1/1/1884

152. Mitchell, J. M.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Cheek Row Corn Planter

Patent Number: 641462

Patent Date: 1/16/1900

153. Montgomery, Benjamin

The A-Z List of Black Inventors
Source: Orgsites

What their invention or inventions was/were: Shallow Water Steam Propeller

Additional information: Benjamin was born into slavery in 1837. Later on in his life, he developed a special propeller design especially for dealing with shallow waters. Whilst a young slave, he attempted to escape but was recaptured.

His master was deeply disturbed by his attempted escape and after some negotiation gave Ben some senior responsibilities at his master's plantation. He was later freed, bought his former master's plantation and become a successful businessman.

154. Moody, W. U.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Game Board Design

Patent Number: 27046

Patent Date: 5/11/1897

155. Morehead, K.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Reel Carrier

Patent Number: 568916

Patent Date: 10/6/1896

156. Morgan, Garrett

What their invention or inventions was/were: Gas Mask & Traffic Light, Breathing Device, Traffic Signal

Additional information: Garrett Morgan was a Black American inventor and community leader. He famously rescued workers trapped within a water intake tunnel in 1916 and was a prolific inventor.

Repairing sewing machines inspired him to make his first invention, a belt fastener for sewing machines. In 1907, he opened his own sewing machine and shoe repair shop. This would grow and expand into the Morgan’s Cut Rate Ladies Clothing Store in 1909 which had 32 employees.

157. Murray, G. W.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Combined Furrow Opener And Stalk-Knocker, Cultivator And Marker, Combined Cotton Seed, Cotton Chopper, Planter, Planter And Fertilizer Distributor Reaper, Attachment For Bicycles

Patent Numbers: 517960, 517961, 520891, 520888, 520889, 520887, 520890, 520892, 445452

Patent Dates: 4/10/1894, 4/10/1894, 6/5/1894, 6/5/1894, 6/5/1894, 6/5/1894, 6/5/1894, 6/5/1894, 1/27/1891

158. Nance, L.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Game Apparatus

Patent Number: 464035

Patent Date: 12/1/1891

159. Nash, H. H.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Life Preserving Stool

Patent Number: 168519

Patent Date: 10/5/1875

160. Newman, Lyda D.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Improvement On The Hair Brush

Patent Numbers: 614335

Patent Dates: 11/15/1898

Additional information: Lydia is best known for her invention of an improved hairbrush design in 1898. She was born in Ohio in 1885 and later worked privately in Manhattan as a family hairdresser.

Whilst working here, she developed her concept for a new design of hairbrush. Her design greatly improved on conventional through its improved efficiency and hygiene.

161. Newson, S.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Oil Heater Or Cooker

Patent Number: 520188

Patent Date: 5/22/1894

162. Nickerson, W. J.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Mandolin And Guitar Attachment For Pianos

Patent Number: 627739

Patent Date: 6/27/1899

163. O’Connor & Turner

What their invention or inventions was/were: Alarm For Boilers, Steam Gage, Alarm For Coasts Containing Vessels

Patent Numbers: 566612, 566613, 598572

Patent Dates: 8/25/1896, 8/25/1896, 2/8/1898

164. Outlaw, J. W.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Horseshoes

Patent Number: 614273

Patent Date: 11/15/1898

165. Parker, Alice H.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Improvement On The Heating Furnace

Patent Number: 1325905

Patent Date: 12/23/1919

166. Perryman, F. R.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Caterers’ Tray Table

Patent Number: 468038

Patent Date: 2/2/1892

167. Peterson, H.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Attachment For Lawn Mowers

Patent Number: 402189

Patent Date: 4/30/1889

168. Phelps, W. H.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Apparatus For Washing Vehicles

Patent Number: 579242

Patent Date: 3/23/1897

169. Pickering, J. F.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Air Ship

Patent Number: 643975

Patent Date: 2/20/1900

170. Pickett, H.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Scaffold

Patent Number: 152511

Patent Date: 6/30/1874

171. Pinn, T. B.

What their invention or inventions was/were: File Holder

Patent Number: 231355

Patent Date: 8/17/1880

172. Polk, A. J.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Bicycle Support

Patent Number: 558103

Patent Date: 4/14/1896

173. Pugsley, A.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Blind Stop

Patent Number: 433306

Patent Date: 7/29/1890

174. Purdy & Peters

What their invention or inventions was/were: Design For Spoons

Patent Number: 24228

Patent Date: 4/23/1895

175. Purdy & Sadgwar

What their invention or inventions was/were: Folding Chair

Patent Number: 405117

Patent Date: 6/11/1889

176. Purdy, W.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Device For Sharpening Edged Tools

Patent Numbers: 570337, 609367, 630106

Patent Dates: 10/27/1896, 3/16/1898, 8/1/1899

177. Purvis, William B.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Bag Fastener, Hand Stamp, Fountain Pen, Electric Railway, Magnetic Car Balancing Device, Electric Railway Switch

Patent Numbers: 256856, 273149, 419065, 519291, 539542, 588176

Patent Dates: 4/25/1882, 2/27/1885, 1/7/1890, 5/1/1894, 5/21/1895, 8/17/1897

178. Queen, W.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Guard For Companion Ways And Hatches

Patent Number: 458131

Patent Date: 8/18/1891

179. Ray, Lawrence P.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Dust Pan

180. Ray, Lloyd P.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Chair Supporting Device

Patent Numbers: 587607, 620078

Patent Dates: 8/3/1887, 2/21/1899

181. Reed, John W.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Rolling Pin

182. Reed, Judy W.

The A-Z List of Black Inventors
Source: U.S. Patent Database Search 

What their invention or inventions was/were: Improvements In The Doug Kneader And Roller

Patent Number: 305474

Patent Date: 9/20/1884

Additional information: Judy was the third African-American to ever receive a patent. Little else is known about her life.

183. Reynolds, Humphrey H.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Window Ventilator For Railroad Cars, Safety Gate For Bridges

Patent Number: 275271, 437937

Patent Date: 4/3/1883, 10/7/1890

184. Reynolds, Mary Jane

What their invention or inventions was/were: Hoisting And Loading Mechanism

Patent Number: 1337667

Patent Date: 4/20/1920

185. Reynolds, R. R.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Non-Refillable Bottle

Patent Number: 624092

Patent Date: 5/2/1899

186. Rhodes, J. B.

What their invention or inventions was/were: The Water Closet

Patent Numbers: 639290

Patent Dates: 12/19/1899

187. Richardson, W.H.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Baby Buggy

188. Richardson, Albert C.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Hame Fastener, Churn, Casket Lowering Device, Insect Destroyer, Bottle

Patent Numbers: 255022, 446470, 529311, 620362, 638811

Patent Dates: 3/14/1882, 2/17/1891, 11/13/1894, 2/28/1899, 12/12/1899

189. Richardson, William H.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Cotton Chopper

Patent Numbers: 343140, 405599, 405600

Patent Dates: 6/1/1886, 6/18/1889, 6/18/1889

190. Richardson, William. H.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Child’S Carriage

191. Richey, C. V.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Car Coupling, Railroad Switch, Fire Escape Bracket, Combined Hammock And Stretcher

Patent Numbers: 584650, 587657, 592448, 596427, 615907

Patent Dates: 6/15/1897, 8/3/1897, 10/26/1897, 12/28/1897, 12/13/1898

192. Rickman, A. L.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Overshoe

Patent Number: 598816

Patent Date: 2/8/1898

193. Ricks, J.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Horse Shoe

Patent Numbers: 338781, 626245

Patent Dates: 3/30/1886, 6/6/1899

194. Rillieux, Norbert

What their invention or inventions was/were: Sugar Refiner (Evaporating Pan)

Patent Number: 4879

Patent Date: 12/10/1846

195. Robinson, E. R.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Electric Railway Trolley, Casting Composite

Patent Numbers: 505370, 594286

Patent Dates: 9/19/1893, 11/23/1897

196. Robinson, J.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Dinner Pail, Life Saving Guards For Locomotives, Life Saving Guards For Street Cars

Patent Numbers: 356852, 621143, 623929

Patent Dates: 2/1/1887, 3/14/1899, 4/25/1899

197. Romain, A.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Passenger Register

Patent Number: 402035

Patent Date: 4/23/1889

198. Ross, A. L.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Runner For Stops, Bag Closure, Trousers Support

Patent Numbers: 565301, 605343, 638068

Patent Dates: 8/4/1896, 6/7/1898, 11/28/1899

199. Ross, J.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Bailing Press

Patent Number: 632539

Patent Date: 9/5/1899

200. Roster, D. N.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Feather Curler

Patent Number: 556166

Patent Date: 3/10/1896

201. Ruffin, S.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Vessels For Liquids And Manner Of Sealing

Patent Number: 737603

Patent Date: 11/20/1899

202. Russell, Lewis A.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Guard Attachment For Beds

Patent Number: 544381

Patent Date: 8/13/1895

203. S. Grant, William

What their invention or inventions was/were: Curtain Rod Support

204. Sammons, W. H.

What their invention or inventions was/were: The Comb

Patent Number: 1362823

Patent Date: 12/21/1920

205. Sampson, George T.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Sled Propeller, Clothes Drier

Patent Numbers: 312388, 476416

Patent Dates: 2/17/1885, 6/7/1892

206. Sampson, Henry T.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Cellular Phone

207. Scott, R. P.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Corn Silker

Patent Numbers: 524223

Patent Dates: 8/7/1894

208. Scottron, S. R.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Adjustable Window Cornice, Cornice, Pole Tip, Curtain Rod, Supporting Bracket, Scottron'S Improved Mirror

Patent Numbers: 224732, 270851, 349525, 481720, 505008

Patent Dates: 2/17/1880, 1/16/1883, 9/30/1886, 8/30/1892, 9/12/1893

Additional information: Samuel R. Scottron was a Black American inventor and entrepreneur. He was a prominent member of Brooklyn’s Black Elite community and is best known as the inventor of the Scottron's Improved Mirror.

He worked as a barber with his father in his early years who later worked as a merchant during the civil war. Postwar he opened a series of grocery shops and a barber shop in Springfield.

It was with his barber venture that he conceived of his famed mirror and other inventions. His devices would eventually make him a wealthy man.

209. Shanks, S. C.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Sleeping Car Berth Register

Patent Number: 587165

Patent Date: 7/21/1897

210. Shorter, D. W.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Feed Rack

Patent Number: 363089

Patent Date: 5/17/1887

211. Smith, J. H.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Lawn Sprinkler, Improvement In Games

Patent Numbers: 601065, 647887, 581785

Patent Dates: 3/22/1898, 4/17/1900, 5/4/1897

212. Smith, Mildred E.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Family Relationships Card Game

Patent Number: 4230321

Patent Date: 10/28/1980

213. Smith, P. D.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Potato Digger, Grain Binder

Patent Numbers: 445206, 469279

Patent Dates: 1/21/1891, 2/23/1892

214. Snow & Johns

What their invention or inventions was/were: Liniment

Patent Number: 437728

Patent Date: 10/7/1890

215. Spears, H.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Portable Shield For Infantry Y

Patent Number: 110599

Patent Date: 12/27/1870

216. Spikes, R. B.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Combination Milk Bottle Opener & Bottle Cover, Automatic Gear Shift, Obtaining Samples & Temp. Of Liquids, Transmission And Shifting Thereof

Patent Numbers: 1590557, 1828753, 1889814, 1936996

Patent Dates: 6/29/1926, 10/27/1931, 12/06/1932, 11/28/1933

217. Standard, J.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Oil Stove, Refrigerator

Patent Numbers: 413689, 455891

Patent Dates: 10/29/1889, 7/14/1891

218. Stewart & Johnson

What their invention or inventions was/were: Metal Bending Machine, Mop

Patent Number: 375512

Patent Date: 12/27/1887

219. Stewart, E. W.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Machine For Forming Vehicle Sear Bars, Punching Machine

Patent Number: 373698, 362190

Patent Date: 3/22/1887, 5/3/1887

220. Stewart, Thomas W.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Mop, Station Indicator

Patent Numbers: 499402, 499895

Patent Dates: 6/13/1893, 6/20/1893

221. Sutton, E. H.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Cotton Cultivator

Patent Number: 149543

Patent Date: 4/7/1874

222. Sweeting, J. A.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Device For Rolling Cigarettes, Combined Knife And Scoop

Patent Numbers: 594501, 605209

Patent Dates: 11/30/1897, 6/7/1898

223. Taylor, B. H.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Rotary Engine, Slide Valve

Patent Numbers: 202888, 585798

Patent Dates: 4/23/1878, 7/6/1897

224. Temple, Lewis

The A-Z List of Black Inventors
Source: LGagnon/Wikimedia Commons

What their invention or inventions was/were: Temple'S Toggle/Blood Harpoon

Additional information: Lewis was born in 1800. He is most famed for his invention of a revolutionary harpoon that was based on an Eskimo design.

He was later freed and moved to the whaling village of New Bedford, Massachusetts sometime in the 1820's - where he took up work as a blacksmith.

It was here that he developed his new type of harpoon. He never patented it and so it became freely copied.

225. Thomas, S. E.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Waste Trap For Basins, Closets, Etc., Casting, Pipe Connection

Patent Numbers: 286746, 371107, 386941, 390821

Patent Dates: 10/16/1883, 10/4/1887, 7/31/1888, 10/9/1888

226. Thomas, Valerie

The A-Z List of Black Inventors
Source: NASA/Wikimedia Commons

What their invention or inventions was/were: Illusion Transmitter

Patent Number: 4229761 

Patent Date: 29515

Additional information: Valerie Thomas is an accomplished African-American scientist and inventor who patented the illusion transmitter and contributed greatly to NASA research.

She was born in May 1943 in Maryland and quickly showed an aptitude and fascination for technology at a young age. She later graduated from Morgan State University and became one of only two women to major in Physics there.

She later began a lifelong career at NASA in 1964.

227. Toliver, G.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Propeller For Vessels

Patent Number: 451086

Patent Date: 4/28/1891

228. Tregoning & Latimer

What their invention or inventions was/were: Globe Supporter For Electric Lamps

Patent Number: 255212

Patent Date: 3/21/1882

229. Turner, M. Turner

What their invention or inventions was/were: The Fruit Press

Patent Number: 1180959

Patent Date: 4/25/1916

230. Virgle M. Ammons

What their invention or inventions was/were: Fireplace Damper Actuating Tool

Patent Number: 3908633

Patent Date: 9/30/1975

231. Walker, Madam C. J.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Straightening Comb

Additional information: Madame C. J. Walker was born in 1867 into a family of slaves. She was later freed and would go on to build a very successful hairdressing salon.

Born as Sarah Breedlove, she was orphaned at age 7 and was later freed under President Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation that came into force in 1863.

232. Walker, P.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Machine For Cleaning Seed Cotton, Bait Holder

Patent Numbers: 577153, 600241

Patent Dates: 2/16/1897, 3/8/1898

233. Waller, J. N.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Shoemaker’S Cabinet Or Bench

Patent Number: 224253

Patent Date: 2/3/1880

234. Washington, W.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Corn Husking Machine

Patent Number: 283173

Patent Date: 8/14/1883

235. Watkins, Isaac

What their invention or inventions was/were: Scrubbing Frame

Patent Number: 437849

Patent Date: 10/7/1890

236. Watts, J. R.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Bracket For Miners’ Lamp

Patent Number: 493137

Patent Date: 3/7/1893

237. West, E. H.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Weather Shield

Patent Number: 632385

Patent Date: 9/5/1899

238. West, John W.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Running Gear (Wagon)

Patent Number: 108419

Patent Date: 10/18/1870

239. White, D. L.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Extension Steps For Cars

Patent Number: 574969

Patent Date: 1/12/1897

240. White, J. T.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Lemon Squeezer

Patent Number: 572849

Patent Date: 12/8/1896

241. Williams, C.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Canopy Frame

Patent Number: 468280

Patent Date: 2/2/1892

242. Williams, J. P.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Pillow Sham Holder

Patent Number: 634784

Patent Date: 10/10/1899

243. Winn, Frank

What their invention or inventions was/were: Direct Acting Steam Engine

Patent Number: 394047

Patent Date: 12/4/1888

244. Winters, Joseph R.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Fire Escape Ladders

Patent Numbers: 203517, 214224

Patent Dates: 5/7/1878, 4/8/1879

Additional information: Joseph Winters was a Black American abolitionist and inventor. He is best known for his patent for a wagon-mounted fire escape ladder.

He was also an active member in the Underground Railroad movement in the United States. Joseph developed his ladders whilst noting the trouble fireman had unloading and raising their ladders from wagons. Joseph died in 1916 at the age of 100.

245. Wood, J. F.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Potato Digger

Patent Numbers: 537953, 299894, 308876, 315368, 364619, 366192

Patent Dates: 4/23/1895, 6/3/1884, 12/2/1884, 4/7/1885, 6/7/1887, 7/5/1887

246. Woods, Granville T.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Steam Boiler Furnace, Telephone Transmitter, App. For Transmission Of Messages By Electricity, Relay Instrument, Polarized Relay, Electromechanical Brake, Electromagnetic Brake Apparatus, Railway Telegraphy, Induction Telegraph System, Overhead Conducting System For Electric Railway, Electromotive Railway System, Tunnel Construction For Electric Railway, Galvanic Battery, Automatic Cut-Off Switch, Electric Railway System, Electric Railway Conduit, System Of Electrical Distribution, Amusement Apparatus, Electric Railway, Regulating/Controlling Elec. Translating Devices, Automatic Air Brake

Patent Numbers: 299894, 308876, 315368, 364619, 366192, 368265, 371241, 371655, 373383, 373915, 383844, 385034, 386282, 387839, 388803, 395533, 463020, 509065, 569443, 639692, 667110, 678086, 681768, 687098, 701981, 718183, 729481

Patent Dates: 6/3/1884, 12/2/1884, 4/7/1885, 6/7/1887, 7/5/1887, 8/16/1887, 10/11/1887, 10/18/1887, 11/15/1887, 11/29/1887, 5/29/1888, 6/26/1888, 7/17/1888, 8/14/1888, 8/28/1888, 1/1/1889, 11/10/1891, 11/21/1893, 10/13/1896, 12/19/1899, 1/29/1901, 616, 434, 11/19/1901, 1010, 1/13/1903, 5/26/1903

Additional information: Granville Woods was a very prolific inventor who came to be known as the Black Edison. He made key contributions to the development of the telephone, streetcar and more.

247. Wormley, J.

What their invention or inventions was/were: Life Saving Apparatus

Patent Number: 242091

Patent Date: 5/24/1881

248. Zang, Arthur

What their invention or inventions was/were: The Cardio Pad

Alphabetically order list of Black Inventors

- Abrams, W. B.

- Alcorn, George Edward Jr.

- Allen, C. W.

- Allen, J. B.

- Ashbourne, Alexander P.

- Bailes, Wm.

- Bailey, L. C.

- Bailiff, C. O.

- Ballow, W. J.

- Banneker, Benjamin

- Barnes, G. A. E.

- Bath, Patricia

- Beard, Andrew J.

- Becket, G. E.

- Bell, Landrow

- Benjamin, L. W.

- Benjamin, M. E.

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