With Project Artemis, NASA sees the Moon as a gateway to further exploring and understanding the cosmos - but lunar conditions are extremely harsh.
That's why Puerto Rican startup Instarz has created 'Remnant' - an expandable and sustainable lunar habitat that is adaptable for different mission types.
The company says it aims to develop "a sustainable way to live in space."
Launch-ready moon habitat
Named after the remains of a supernova explosion, Remnant has been created to house 8 astronauts for up to 12 months on the Moon.
The lunar habitat was created to fit inside a five-meter launch vehicle. It is pre-assembled so that astronauts can simply use the space after landing without having to assemble any parts.
Protection against the harsh lunar environment
Instarz says it is aiming to incorporate several cutting-edge technologies into its lunar habitat.
Fully closed-loop life support systems will mean astronauts will be able to survive without the need for external provisions for 12 months, the company says.
The materials of the Remnant will mean it gives its inhabitants protection against the harsh lunar environment. The use of renewable energy sources, meanwhile, will help power the onboard systems.
Furthering space research
Remnant has been created to further scientific progress in space research, with a view to helping humans adapt and live in space conditions — eventually allowing us to go to Mars and beyond.
One of its functions, interestingly, is to help test its own inhabitants; space missions using Remnant will study the adaptability of the human body in low-gravity, hostile space environments.
Missions will also be able to extract valuable resources, such as water ice, which can be turned into drinking water for astronauts or even converted into fuel.
Apollo 11 anniversary
Instarz announced details of the Remnant lunar habitat to coincide with the 50th anniversary of the Apollo 11 moon landing.
The company is based in Mayagüez, Puerto Rico and it says the country's high incentives and low tax-rates for research and development make it an ideal place to develop the habitat.
Nearby prestigious universities will also provide a wide talent pool of engineers to work on building the concept.
The ambitious space project is at the seed-funding stage, with the company hoping to start the development stage soon. They estimate the Remnant lunar habitat will cost less than $1 billion to manufacture.
Instarz hopes that NASA and other space companies will look to them for shelter solutions as space travel plans increase throughout the 2020s and beyond.