How NASA's New Horizons mission revealed the breathtaking beauty of Pluto
The icy dwarf planet Pluto, which is located more than 3 billion miles (4.8 billion kilometers) away from Earth in the Kuiper Belt, is one of the most intriguing and controversial celestial objects in our solar system.
Discovered in 1930, Pluto was long thought to be the solar system's ninth planet. With a thin atmosphere composed largely of nitrogen, methane, and carbon monoxide, its average temperature is -387°F (-232°C), making it too frigid to support life. Most people are familiar with Pluto due to its demotion from planet to dwarf planet. Today, according to the International Astronomical Union, which is charged with naming all celestial bodies and deciding on their statuses, Pluto is still not an official planet.
In this video by the YouTube channel Astrum, you can find out everything NASA's New Horizons mission saw and discovered in the Kuiper Belt around Pluto, Charon (the largest of the five known natural satellites of Pluto), and Arrokoth (a trans-Neptunian object). When the NASA space probe New Horizons conducted a flyby of Arrokoth on January 1, 2019, Arrokoth became the solar system's furthest and most primitive object visited by a spacecraft. If you want to know more, make sure you watch the video embedded above, and as always, enjoy.
Scientists analyze best ways to build spacecraft landing pads on the moon and propose melting lunar soil with microwaves as the most cost-effective method.