What Microwave Technology Is and How It Works

Microwave technology is all around us but how does it work?
Loukia Papadopoulos

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You have certainly heard of microwave technology and have for sure experienced it first hand. Microwave technology is all around you. Many of the devices we use daily rely on microwaves' electromagnetic radiation. 

But what exactly is microwave technology? Microwaves are a type of electromagnetic radiation.

Electromagnetic radiation is transmitted at different wavelengths and frequencies known as the electromagnetic spectrum. This spectrum includes radio waves, microwaves, infrared (IR), visible light, ultraviolet (UV), X-rays, and gamma-rays.

Microwaves sit right between radio waves and infrared on the electromagnetic spectrum. They have frequencies that range from 300 MHz and 300 GHz. 

Microwaves are quite useful because they are easily attenuated within shorter distances, can easily flow through a thin layer of cable, and require only low power. 

Microwaves have many applications ranging from point-to-point communications to satellite communication to cardiology, oncology, otolaryngology, and dental treatments. They are also used in the military for radar technology.

Since it is all around us, the next question regarding microwave technology is whether it harms us? The answer to that question is only in intense bursts. At regular levels, it poses no threat to the human DNA whatsoever.

Want to know more about microwave technology? Watch our video. 

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