Even though there's still a huge disparity between men and women going to Space, scientists believe that women may actually be better suited for the role. Here's what they have to say.
Why are women better suited for space travel?
One general, but not always applicable, reason is that women are smaller in size. On average men weigh more than women, so when it comes to launching smaller and lighter people into Space, typically smaller women would require the rockets to use less fuel, according to National Geographic.
Moreover, as women are typically smaller they require fewer daily calories, therefore food supplies could last longer. A study in 2013 pointed out that even when men and women performed similar duties in Space, women ended up only needing half of the calorie intake as men.
Then there's the matter of how bodies respond to being in Space. Unfortunately, both men and women suffer negative impacts from being in Space. For instance, women are more prone to radiation-induced cancers, whereas men are more prone to disease and suffer hearing-loss more quickly.
A brief history of women in Space
The first woman to go to Space was Russian cosmonaut Valentina Tereshkova in 1963. Roughly twenty years passed before another woman "stepped foot" into Space, and in 1982 another Russian cosmonaut, Svetlana Savitskaya was the next woman to do so.
A number of women from different nations then joined the ranks of females up in Space: American astronaut Sally Ride in 1983, Canadian astronaut Roberta Bondar in 1992, Japanese astronaut Chiaki Mukai also in 1992, which continues on until 2020 when the first all-woman spacewalk occurred.
It wasn't only up in Space that women had an impact. Countless women down on Earth have assisted the cause for Space research, which current NASA astronaut Jessica Meir commented on in her Twitter post on March 8th, International Women's Day.
In honor of yesterday being #InternationalWomensDay, we at @NASA honor those that came before us, paving our path to the @Space_Station and beyond. Next stop, the Moon. #Artemis pic.twitter.com/e9BcFOumcF— Jessica Meir (@Astro_Jessica) March 9, 2020